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FOOD TEXTURE’S INFLUENCE ON SATIETY

 

Healthy eating consists of making the right kind of food choices and consuming the appropriate quantities of food. The rates of overweight and obesity worldwide has nearly tripled since 1975 according to the World Health Organization. In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, ages 18 years and older, were overweight. Over 650 million of these were obese but obesity is preventable.

On July 31, 2020, an article was written by Ecaterina Stribiţcaia, Charlotte E. L. Evans, Catherine Gibbons, John Blundell & Anwesha Sarkar on food texture’s influences on satiety or “feeling fuller for longer”. The study highlights the development of satiety-enhancing foods as a promising strategy to reduce food intake and promote weight management. This leads to a reduction in dietary energy intake and at the same time reduces the impact of sensations of hunger on motivation.

Food texture may influence satiety through differences in appetite sensations, gastrointestinal peptide release and food intake, however the degree to which it does remains unclear.  In the study, it was revealed that both the solid and higher viscous food significantly reduce hunger and promote satiety when compared to liquid and low viscous foods. This shows that picking food that is going to keep you fuller for longer is a good idea.

Our Technical Adviser, May Sandoval, agreed how the authors has expounded that food textures influences satiety. According to her, “much like hydrocolloid gums for texturizing into semi-solid form (carrageenan) and imparting viscosity (alginate, xanthan, etc.). It is interesting just how these structural properties suppressed or control the appetite.”

However, due to the large variation among different studies made on the influence of food texture to satiety, the authors felt that significant researches be conducted and the results should be interpreted cautiously.